It’s not enough for an economy to generate jobs. There should also be a good amount of turnover in the labor market. Workers need to move around to find the best fit for themselves, not to mention higher pay from taking a new gig. A stay-put workforce is bad news.
Now net job growth is a product of total hiring minus total separations (including layoffs and quits), as measured by the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey. And as a Goldman Sachs memo points out, “a given level of net employment growth can be achieved with a high or a low level of gross turnover.”